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NOW IT'S YOUR TURN!
Now that you know the basics of planning a successful space mission to Mars, do you want to be the first astronaut to set foot on the Red Planet? Learn more about Mars and how you can begin your journey as a future astronaut by checking out NASA's official Mars website here. Good luck!
In order to have a successful landing on Mars, the conditions need to be right! It is best to land on a flat area so that equipment will be less likely to get damaged once it touches ground. Parachutes for astronauts and equipment should be functioning to ensure a soft landing. Also, make sure to land in a region that does not have a dust storm, or else you may run into some problems.
The spacesuit that you will be wearing on your journey is known as the Z-2 Spacesuit. The outer cover layer is strong enough to protect you from incoming meteor strikes, extreme temperatures, and bruises. It is especially designed to get you through the terrain of Mars and most of space.
Since there is no gravity in space, astronauts cannot go to the bathroom like we normally do on Earth. In space, there are two methods of going to the bathroom: one way for solid waste and one for liquid waste. For liquid waste, you will have to use a funnel that forces the liquid through the tube with air. For solid waste, you will be strapped to a toilet that uses air to pull the waste from your body. These methods prevent waste from escaping and floating around you. Gross!
Almost all space food is freeze-fried and stored in vacuum-sealed pouches in order to have a long shelf life and a meal that is not too messy to prepare. Since astronauts experience rapid bone loss in the no-gravity environment of space, most space foods are high in calcium. Popular space foods aboard past space missions include chicken, cereal, and cookies, all carefully stored in dehydrated containers to preserve freshness.
While on your journey in space, you must keep your eye out for any space rocks heading your way! These can range from an asteroid that are the size of a mountain, or a little comet that's comparable to the size of your bedroom. Don't let these get in your way!
Ready to See the Red Planet?
NASA recently announced that it is planning a project to send people to Mars by 2034. Are you interested in being one of the first to set foot on the Red Planet? Make sure you know some basics of space travel first before you decide to embark on this journey.
Follow the countdown above to help guide you through the process of a successful space mission!